知一的指纹

Python 包管理

pip

pip更新python -m pip install -U pip

pipy国内镜像目前有:

https://pypi.douban.com/ 豆瓣

https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/pypi/web/ 清华大学

指定源安装

pip可以通过指定源的方式安装 pip install web.py -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple

也可以通过修改配置文件,Linux的文件在~/.pip/pip.conf,Windows在%HOMEPATH%\pip\pip.ini

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[global]
index-url = https://pypi.douban.com/simple

easy_install

easy_install指定源安装 easy_install -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple

或者修改配置文件 ~/.pydistutils.cfg

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[easy_install]
index_url = http://e.pypi.python.org/simple

easy_install查看包的版本

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root@xyz-pc:~# easy_install tornado -v
Searching for tornado
Best match: tornado 4.0.2
tornado 4.0.2 is already the active version in easy-install.pth

Using /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages
Processing dependencies for tornado
Finished processing dependencies for tornado
Searching for -v
Reading https://pypi.python.org/simple/-v/
Couldn't find index page for '-v' (maybe misspelled?)
Scanning index of all packages (this may take a while)
Reading https://pypi.python.org/simple/
No local packages or download links found for -v
error: Could not find suitable distribution for Requirement.parse('-v')

安装Python安装包管理工具相关命令

安装easy_install:apt-get install python-setuptools

sudo yum install python-setuptools-devel

esay_install pip

pip指定版本:pip install 'pymongo<2.8'

升级版本:pip install --upgrade pymongo

查看已安装包:pip show --files SomePackage

查看需要更新的包:pip list --outdated

卸载包:pip uninstall SomePackage

帮助:pip --help

指定豆瓣源安装:pip install -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple/ functools32

查看已安装包:pip list

http://www.cnblogs.com/taosim/articles/3288821.html

pipenv

安装 pip3 install pipenv

安装虚拟环境 pipenv install

启动虚拟环境 pipenv shell

查看当前环境依赖 pip3 list

退出虚拟环境 exit

安装 pipenv install ……

卸载 pipenv uninstall ……

查看依赖关系 pipenv graph

查看虚拟环境路径 pipenv --venv

删除环境 pipenv --rm

创建 Python3 环境 pipenv --three

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